Iskolák veszélyben (Schools in danger) project
Transylvania (the northwestern part of Romania, an area of
approximately 100,000 km2) is a spacious multiethnic zone
in the EU. In the biggest part of this region the dominant
ethnic group are Romanian, but there are some (and not so
small) territories where the ethnic Hungarians are in the
majority. There are of course locally dominant ethnic groups,
so parallel school systems may offer both languages
regardless of ethnic distribution from nursery schools until
Romania has experienced a strong wave of emigration in
the last decade, millions of citizens– mostly young people,
and families – have left the country. (The population of the
country in 2002 was 21,7 million and in 2011 20,1 million by
the census data.)
The number of ethnic Hungarian children has been
declining since 2006. This phenomenon is in connection
with the regional decline in population and fertility. This fact
will soon be a big challenge for Hungarian language school
systems, principally in those territories where Hungarians
live in the minority. (These are the so called ‘diaspora
If the Hungarian community living in Romania isn’t
prepared to meet this challenge, there is a big chance that a
lot of Hungarian language educational institutions will have
to close by 2020. The result of this process could mean a
break up in the chain of Hungarian language K-12 education
in the diaspora regions.
The main goals of this project are the following:
- Collect and highlight Hungarian education network institutions in danger of closing.
- To start a common dialog about the future of the Hungarian minority and their institutions in these demographically endangered regions.
- Provide information to decision makers about the possible ways of supporting vulnerable local education systems.
This web-page and the whole project has been made possible by The Center of Public Policies (Cluj/Kolozsvár). The project was initiated and supported by the RMDSZ;
Bethlen Gábor Alap; Romanian Institute for Research on National Minorities, and nyelvijogok.ro.
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(source of map: Wikipedia)